Photography Information

 

Portrait Photography: Tips and Methods




Portrait is defined as, "A likeness of a person, especially one showing the face, that is created by a painter or photographer, for example." In the area of portrait photography there are some guidelines that you should consider when you go to take photos of people.

The different types of portraits are: close-ups, facial shots, upper body shots or environmental portraits. Environmental portraits are where you focus on the subject and on their surroundings that provide more character to the subject.

When people have a camera in their face it usually makes them nervous and they will try to put on a face that does not portray who they really are. The real skill to portrait photography is trying to capture photos when the subjects are comfortable and not worried about a camera.

Many professional photographers try to capture their subject's true essence by using tricks. One example of this is counting to three so the subject prepares and then while they are relaxing after taking a planned photo the photographer will snap a few more unplanned photos. In most cases the subject won't even know that more than one photo was taken but it's usually the photos that the subject wasn't expecting that capture their true essence.

Another more common strategy professionals use is to tell funny jokes that make their subjects genuinely laugh or smile. I'm sure that you have probably experienced something like this yourself.

CLOSE-UP PORTRAITS

These usually have the subject's shoulders and head or less. They are framed around the face. These are the most common and best at capturing expressions and glamour shots. For these it is very important to have the light coming from a good angle. To accent wrinkles or small details you should have the light coming from the side or from the top. To create flattering pictures you should choose a cloudy day or try to create diffused light so there are hardly any shadows. Also make sure the subject is brighter than the background to reduce distraction.

For close-up portraits you should use a wide aperture (low f/stop) to make the background out of focus and therefore less of a distraction. Professionals commonly use a fixed telephoto lens that's 90 mm or higher for portraits in order to de-emphasize the subject's nose or any other unflattering feature. It works because at that distance the nose or any other feature does not seem closer to the camera than the rest of the face.

UPPER BODY OR MIDRANGE PORTRAITS

These are easier to capture because the subject is probably more relaxed because it's less personal. These include a little more of the background than close-ups. These are commonly used for both single subjects and multiple subjects. This is the kind of portrait used to mark occasions such as graduation, yearbook, birthdays and other parties. The ideal lens would be about a 90 mm fixed telephoto or more wide angle depending on how many subjects there are.

ENVIRONMENTAL PORTRAITS

These are the portraits that let you into the life of a subject. They might include the whole subject in a scenario or the subject participating in some hobby that they enjoy. These are best for telling a story to the viewer about the subject. They are almost always used by photojournalists to look into the lives of interesting people. They also make great Black and White pictures.

Use this information to develop what kind of portrait style you would like to take, and then practice it before dealing with any serious clients.

Richard Schneider is a digital photography enthusiast and founder of http://www.picturecorrect.com/ which offers tips and news about digital photography, digital camera reviews, photoshop tutorials and computer wallpaper.


MORE RESOURCES:
This RSS feed URL is deprecated, please update. New URLs can be found in the footers at https://news.google.com/news


Lawrentian

Cuban history explored through photography
Lawrentian
On Friday, January 12, the Wriston Art Center Galleries opened their Winter Term Exhibitions with an Artist Talk by Nelson Ramírez de Arellano. This term's exhibitions feature a variety of pieces, including contemporary Cuban photography, handmade ...



Iowa Public Television

Iowa Entrepreneur: True Potential Education & Shirk Photography
Iowa Public Television
Meet two women who work to help students in need and a couple who built a nationally-recognized photography business. True Potential Education, West Des Moines After dyslexia impacted both of their lives, Nina Lorimor-Easley and Dawn Wilson decided to ...

and more »


Ruidoso News

Gallery in Carrizozo displays top submissions for the New Mexico Magazine photography competition
Ruidoso News
The Tularosa Basin Gallery of Photography will display photographs from New Mexico Magazine's 17th Annual Photography competition beginning with a grand opening Jan. 27-28. The exhibit will include the grand prize winner, “Pilgrimage to Tome Hill,” by ...



NPR

Goats and Soda
NPR
They were waiting for wildebeest to cross the river when they noticed a group of approximately 20 hippos waking from their nap and approaching the water. Because hippos tend to sleep or lie in the water during the day, this was an unusual opportunity ...

and more »


WKRG

Weather Photography is Art and Science
WKRG
Nighttime shooting and lightning photography definitely require a tripod. In these cases you should use the timer setting to trigger the shutter so that you don't shake the camera when pressing the shutter button. Shooting through windows when it is ...



Hyperallergic

How Photography Developed Argentina's Modern Identity
Hyperallergic
LOS ANGELES — The invention of photography played a major role in the development of modern societies, as well as in the cultivation of national identity. This is well known in the Western canon of art, but the role of photography in the modernization ...



New York Times

Joel Meyerowitz's Career Is a Minihistory of Photography
New York Times
Meyerowitz began to work as a street photographer in the early 1960s and quickly became a virtuoso of the craft. He was inspired by the example of Robert Frank, whose work was full of poetic melancholy, though what first struck Meyerowitz was the ...



TechRepublic

Photography tips: How to master the headshot
TechRepublic
As a photographer, it's your job to make sure your clients look amazing in their photographs. You can shoot candid photos of the client in the work environment. You can even record video snippets of the client in action. But nothing compares to the ...



Gizmodo

The Hidden Beauty of Landscape Photography at the Microscopic Level
Gizmodo
Instead of a majestic national park, or the crowded streets of a busy urban center, filmmaker Drew Geraci pointed his 4K camera at a microscope with every day foods and objects magnified up to 1,000X. The results are a series of atypical landscape ...



The Daily Progress

Opinion/Editorial: Animals star in wilderness photography | Opinion ...
The Daily Progress
Motion-sensing cameras have become an important scientific tool for wildlife managers. They also produce some pretty cool photos, of almost professional quality.

and more »

Google News