Photography Information

 

Photography 101 Part 2




Basic Composition

Now that you are beginning to understand how your camera works you can begin to understand basic composition. I know that many people that I've talked to think that photography is just pointing your camera and taking a photo but it's more than that. After you understand how your equipment works you can begin to get into the real art of photography and that art is called composition.

Basic principles:

1. Use all of your available space. Fill the image with the image. If the reason that your taking the photo is your daughter's beautiful face then get closer. If you're taking an image of the breathtaking valley before you. Fill the frame with the valley. Keep distractions out of the frame. They're called distractions for a reason.

2. Look at the forms in your image. You almost have to look at the people or the landscape before you in their simplistic geographic forms. A good way to learn form is to practice taking photos of still life objects, that you can arrange into pleasing forms. A good photo is always a beautiful arrangement of form. Whether it's the beauty of a woman's face, her features being forms, or a wonderful landscape, trees, rocks, and hills being forms.

3. Line or direction, motion. The direction of the forms in your photos is very important. Never have action or motion moving outside of your image. It will direct the eye away from your image. Diagonal motion lines are good, curves and "s" curves are better. The last two is probably way landscape photography is so popular nature is full of curves. Also never put a horizon line in the center of your frame.

4. Contrast, the difference between black and white. Now it is possible to have a beautiful photo with little contrast if that is your intention, this works best with color. But a lot of shots, some really beautiful shots have a nice balance of black, white, and grays. This can be manipulated for artistic purpose of course, but in the beginning you want to focus on trying to take shots with equal amounts of black, white, and shades of gray. (Shoot a roll of B&W film to really learn this principle.)

5. Color, you may have to familiarize yourself with the color wheel. (See my article Graphic Design Using Color for more information it's for graphic design but the first couple of paragraphs talk about basic color theory) Whether you're shooting nature or setting up your own shots in a studio you need to know what colors go together and why. Many of us have an instinct as to what looks good. When in doubt follow your instincts. Start out by taking shots of things that you think have pretty or beautiful colors. Show the photos to others and see if they agree. Photographers learn not only what they think is beautiful but what is universally beautiful as well.

Now the hard part practice all these principles at the same time. It's not easy! Now you really know why photographers take years to really learn their craft.

This week's assignment: Let's break this down into four assignments. You'll need four rolls of film. Roll one, fill your available space. Shoot pictures of whatever you like, but get closer. Eliminate distractions from your image. Keep the focus of your image on whatever it was that made you want to take that photo. Roll two, forms. Here's an old stand by that I did in college. Get out an assortment of vegtables and fruit from your kitchen. Put a sheet down on your table, no distractions, shoot an entire roll of the veggies and fruit making sure that your rearrange with each shot. Make sure you study your results and see which forms looked best. Roll three, Contrast, you can do this in B&W film if you want to. Take a shot of the flower in your garden in the early morning, afternoon, and sunset. Shoot some portraits at the same times, by candlelight too. When you see the results you will be surprised. Roll four, color. Use the vegtables again, this time paying attention to the colors. If you can tell me why a red tomato looks best on a green bed of lettuce or the orange sunset with the purple clouds is so captivating then you've figured out some of color theory.

If you have some specific questions please visit my Photography Forum at: http://kellypaalphotography.com/v-web/bulletin/bb/index.php and post your question there.

About The Author

Copyright 2004 Kelly Paal

Kelly Paal is a Freelance Nature and Landscape Photographer, exhibiting nationally and internationally. Recently she started her own business Kelly Paal Photography (www.kellypaalphotography.com). She has an educational background in photography, business, and commercial art. She enjoys applying graphic design and photography principles to her web design. kellypaa@kellypaalphotography.com


MORE RESOURCES:

artnet News

Brooklyn Beckham's New Photography Book Is Getting Slammed by Art Critics
artnet News
At age 18, Brooklyn Beckham, son of former Spice Girl Victoria Beckham and retired British soccer star David Beckham, is publishing a book of his photography, due out from Penguin Random House UK on June 29. But not everyone is impressed. “I carry a ...
Brooklyn Beckham to Release Photography Book This Week; Panned by CriticsFstoppers
Random House responds to criticism over Brooklyn Beckham photographyThe Independent
Brooklyn Beckham's publishers HIT BACK at criticism of his 'terrible' photography bookExpress.co.uk
Belfast Telegraph -The Sun -Evening Standard
all 49 news articles »


Ithaca Journal

Photography career sprouts from produce market
Ithaca Journal
“Mom bought Dad a humongous Canon with all the lens attachments one year as a gift, and although he'd planned to use it to take nature photography, he really didn't do anything with it,” Balcome said. “Then, some years later, I went to TC3 (Tompkins ...



New York Times

Hope Ryden, Wildlife Protector and Photographer, Dies at 87
New York Times
An English major who later developed a passion for photography during breaks abroad as a Pan Am flight attendant, Ms. Ryden, in 1961, joined Robert Drew & Associates, a noted documentary production company, where she and her colleagues were in the ...



Gothamist

5 Accessories To Improve Your Mobile Photography : Gothamist
Gothamist
From stabilizers to clip-on lenses, here's everything you need to enhance your smartphone's camera. Want to push your smartphone camera's abilities into the ...

and more »


Macworld

The iPad Pro: Now a true photographer's tool
Macworld
When Apple released the first 12.9-inch iPad Pro, I wondered if it was finally an iPad that photographers could embrace without also getting an armful of tradeoffs. The answer was: almost (see “How the iPad Pro stacks up as a photographer's tool ...

and more »


TIME

How John Dominis Photographed Wild Antelope Without a Telephoto Lens
TIME
The photographers on LIFE Magazine's staff did it all, taking on assignments wide and varied without a blink of the eye. John Dominis was no exception. He joined LIFE as a staff photographer in 1950 and would go on to shoot some of the biggest stars of ...



Phone Arena

Here are the 2017 iPhone Photography Award winners
Phone Arena
The grand prize winner shows a boy and a girl in Iraq, on the background of an oil well, a photography by Sebastiano Tomada that will have you thinking about many things. Next up, we have the winners of the first and second spot overall, while after ...
New East photographers flourish at the iPhone Photography AwardsThe Calvert Journal

all 3 news articles »


MauiTime Weekly

MauiTime Publisher appeals traffic stop photography arrest case to Hawaii Supreme Court
MauiTime Weekly
As the video Russo showed, Russo was complying with the officers' demands when they arrested him, and in any case the U.S. Supreme Court (just four days after Russo's arrest) upheld an Illinois appeals court ruling that citizens have a right to ...

and more »


Wicked Local Winchester

Winchester Griffin Museum of Photography to exhibit 'Personalities'
Wicked Local Winchester
Showcasing over a dozen images, “Personalities,” a photo series from filmmaker and photographer Gary Beeber, will be exhibited from July 13 to Sept. 1 in The Griffin Gallery at the Griffin Museum of Photography, 67 Shore Road, Winchester. In 2006 ...



The Review

Garden Club members learn expert photography tips
The Review
Expert photographer, Sue Bennett was the guest speaker at the Calcutta Area Garden Club meeting on June 23. (Submitted photo). EAST LIVERPOOL — Calcutta Area Garden Club members met for their monthly meeting on June 23, at the Peter Metrovich ...


Google News

home | site map
© 2006 KeralaClick.com